Much of the research has focused on the role of the arts in supporting the management or treatment of illness. Studies of mental illness have shown improvements in symptoms of mild-moderate mental illness, with some also suggesting improvements in severe mental illness when used as an adjunct to other treatments. The arts have been found to reduce psychological and biological markers of stress and improve immune response, including in clinical settings such as prior to surgery and in neonatal intensive care. For people with neurodevelopmental and neurological disorders (including autistic spectrum disorders, cerebral palsy, stroke, degenerative neurological disorders and dementias) and non-communicable diseases (including cancer, respiratory disease and cardiovascular conditions) engaging with the arts has been found to improve mental health, resilience, social support, communication and physical function. The role of the arts in improving patient experience and providing emotional support in palliative and end-of-life care and bereavement is also well documented.